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Optimization of Steam Generation and Consumption: A Case study Elguneid Sugar Factory, Gezira State, Sudan

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dc.contributor.author Hamed, Yousif Mohammed Karmeldin
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-21T08:45:56Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-21T08:45:56Z
dc.date.issued 2018-11
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.uofg.edu.sd/handle/123456789/3529
dc.description A Dissertation Submitted to the University of Gezira in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of Master of Science,in Chemical Engineering Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology,Faculty of Engineering and Technology,November, 2018 en_US
dc.description.abstract In sugar industries, energy is normally produced by combustion of bagasse or furnace fuel. Reduction in steam consumption% cane in sugar processing is of vital important. Reduce the steam consumption% cane further by installing energy efficient equipments and waste heat recovery systems in the boiling house will increase performance. The objectives of this study are to optimize steam generation and consumption in Elguneid Sugar factory. The amount of baggase produced and that used in production of steam or filtration in vacuum filters was first determined and the quantity of generated steam was secondly calculated. To identify the amount of the surplus of bagasse in Elguneid sugar factory, it was also intended to achieve low steam% cane. And to discuss various alternatives to reduced steam used in sugar process in Elguneid sugar factory. All calculations were done according to Hand Book of cane sugar engineering Hugot.E (1986).''. The results obtained that the amount of (live steam reduced in pan washing, molasses condition, low grade sugar melting, superheating wash water system,massecuite& Molasses Pumps equal 1.61% cane and exhaust steam reduced in vapor demand for juice heating, pan boiling is equal 6.2% cane, bagasse consumed was equal to 36.58 tons/hr and (804.76 tons/day), where the surplus amount of bagasse was equal to 52.39 tons/hr and equal to (12152.58 tons/day). Also it was found that the amount of steam produced was equal to 95 MT/hr at high efficiency of boilers and actual amount of steam consumed is equal 90.8MT/hr and amount of steam losses was equal to 4.2 MT/hr. The designed sugar production of Elguneid sugar factory is 60000 tons of sugar / season but now increased to 90000 tons of sugar, which will need more amount of steam (energy), with the use of modern trends for reduction in steam consumption in sugar processes in Elguneid sugar factory. This study was suggested we can keep target to achieve steam% cane up to 37% and saving about steam 7.8% cane equal 15.375 tons of steam / hour and saving amount of bagasse equal 6.09T/hr, and this means that saving energy and reducing the load in boilers. The target to reduce steam consumption % cane in Eguneid sugar factory is 7.8% on cane. It is recommended that steam generation and steam distribution in Elguneid sugar factory, can be enhanced with help of boiling house (use of modern instrumentation, automation and optimization), by operating evaporator with maximum vapor bleeding arrangement. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Kamal Suleiman Hassan ( Main Supervisor ) ImadEldeenAbdelmoniemMahajoub ( Co-Supervisor ) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Gezira en_US
dc.subject energy en_US
dc.subject bagasse en_US
dc.subject Harvesting en_US
dc.subject Evaporation en_US
dc.subject Affination en_US
dc.title Optimization of Steam Generation and Consumption: A Case study Elguneid Sugar Factory, Gezira State, Sudan en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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