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Use of Skin-Whitening Products by Sudanese Undergraduate Females: a Survey

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dc.contributor.author Ahmed, Anwar E.
dc.contributor.author Hamid, Mohamed E.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-21T07:33:32Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-21T07:33:32Z
dc.date.issued 2016-02-15
dc.identifier.other DOI 10.1007/s40615-016-0212-5
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.uofg.edu.sd/handle/123456789/3520
dc.description J. Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, Accepted: 15 February 2016 en_US
dc.description.abstract Background Although skin-whitening products are commonly used among dark-skinned women of African descent, research on the frequency with which Sudanese women use skin-whitening products is lacking. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Gezira, Sudan, on the use of skin-whitening products among a sample of Sudanese undergraduate females (ages 16–33 years). Sociodemographic characteristics were collected, and students were asked whether they had used skin-whitening products in the past 12 months. Results Of the 348 undergraduate females surveyed in this study, 74.4 % reported using skin-whitening products within the past year. Of this group, 2.7 % reported using injections, 2.4 % pills, 30.6 % bleaching cream, and 76.2 % soap. Illegal sources (e.g., people selling on the sides of roads) of skinwhitening products were reported by 22.8 %. The use of skin-whitening products was common in females who were not satisfied with their skin colors more so than those who were satisfied with their skin colors (83.7 vs. 70.5 %, P = 0.010). Undergraduate females who had mothers, sisters, or other relatives who bleached reported a greater frequency of using skin-whitening products than those who had no family member who bleached (100, 87.7, or 77 % vs. 67.5 %, P = 0.003, respectively). The odds of using skin-whitening products in females who had mothers or sisters bleaching were 7.8 times higher (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 7.8; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 2.572, 23.828) and two times higher in females who had other relatives bleaching (aOR 2.4; 95 % CI 1.159, 5.115), compared with females who had no family members who bleached. Conclusion It was estimated that a majority (7 out of 10) of Sudanese undergraduate females have tried skin-whitening products. However, because the university population is an elite group, a population-based survey is warranted to address the use of skin-whitening products among the general population of Sudanese women. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Gezira en_US
dc.subject Skin-whitening en_US
dc.subject Undergrads en_US
dc.subject Dark-skinned en_US
dc.subject Sudan en_US
dc.subject Skin-bleaching en_US
dc.subject Hydroquinone en_US
dc.title Use of Skin-Whitening Products by Sudanese Undergraduate Females: a Survey en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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