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Evaluation of Natural Pasture using some Laboratory Methods and Goat Performance in Juba Area, Jubek State, South Sudan

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dc.contributor.author Lowaya, Salah Tadayo Bandas
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-31T07:38:04Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-31T07:38:04Z
dc.date.issued 2018-08-02
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.uofg.edu.sd/handle/123456789/3398
dc.description A Dissertation Submitted to the University of Gezira in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of Master of Science in Animal Nutrition Department of Animal ScienceFaculty of Agricultural Sciences ,August, 2018 en_US
dc.description.abstract Pasture is considered as the lowest feed cost in South Sudan. However more efforts are needed for its improvement and management. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the botanical structure, productivity and quality of pasture in Juba area during the grazing period of six months (May-October). Goat’s kids were brought from Terekeka state were selected from different Community. Pasture yield and botanical composition was carried out by throwing a steel quadrate 52 times in each of the four strata that composed the pasture (pasture was divided into four strata). Plants in qudrate were cut from the ground level weighted freshly and then dried at 70°C for a day. Also plants in qudrate were indentified according to the species. Chemical analysis of feed (pasture) and feces were carried out in laboratories in ARC Wad- Medani, Sudan. In vitro digestibility was determined in the Department of Animal Production Laboratory in the University of Gezira. For animal performance sixteen Mundari goats that brought from different communities in the area were used. The animals were divided into four groups each of four. Intake and yield and their composition were estimated by the difference between yield in each week and the week before. The result revealed that nutrient composition differed with time. Pasture composition and yield were significantly (P≤ 0.05) differed with time. C. rotundous, B.decumbeans and C.dectalyon were the plants that formed the pasture. Distribution of the plants and in vitro digestibility differed significantly (P≤ 0.05) with time. It is observed that C. dectalyon was much consumed compared to the other two species. However weight gain of animals ranged from 0.11-0.4 kg/day. The information derived from this study will serve as baseline for goat nutrition status in South Sudan. The study recommended that, for goat live weight gain improvement, pasture should be supplemented with highly nutritive feed such as concentrate . en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Greeballa Hassan Elobied ( Main supervisor) Isam Adawi Abdalla ( Co. supervisor) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Gezira en_US
dc.subject Natural pastures en_US
dc.subject Animal Nutrition en_US
dc.subject Animal Production en_US
dc.subject Fodder installation en_US
dc.title Evaluation of Natural Pasture using some Laboratory Methods and Goat Performance in Juba Area, Jubek State, South Sudan en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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