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Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Pre-school (3-5 Years) Children at Three Kindergartens, Gadarif City, Gadarif State, Sudan

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dc.contributor.author Omer, Huyam Sefeldin Elnour
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-13T10:06:06Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-13T10:06:06Z
dc.date.issued 2012-08-08
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.uofg.edu.sd/handle/123456789/2901
dc.description A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement forthe Degree of Master of Science, in Food Science Department of Food Science and Technology,Faculty of Engineering and Technology,University of Gezira,August, 2012 en_US
dc.description.abstract The nutritional status of preschool children in Sudan needs more special care, as malnutrition is relatively high at this age. The objective of this study was the assessment of nutritional status of preschool children at Gadareif city and to investigate the factors that affect the growth pattern of these subjects by studying food habits, socio-economic characteristics and the nutritional habits. The study included 100 children (3-5 years) from three Kindergartens, in January- February, 2012. The results showed that the nutritional status of the subjects are slightly less than the reference values of NCHS/ CDC growth charts, but including normal range, with no significant difference for age or sex. The mean of height of the subjects when compared with NHCS reference values, showed that there were no significant difference, the results were as follows; severely stunted 9%, stunted 23%, normal 52%, the possible risk of height 10% and over height 6%. The mean weight of the subjects when compared with NHCS reference values showed there were no significant difference and the percentage of the subjects; severely under weight 34%, under weight (wasted)12%, normal 42%, over weight 9% and obese 3%. The mean of BMI of the subjects when compared with NHCS reference values showed that there were no significant difference and the percentage of the subjects; severely under weight (wasted) 6%, the possibly of risk of under weight 23%, normal 57%, the possible of risk over weight 11% and the obese 3%. The percentage of the subjects at different ages (3-5 Yrs.) for each MUAC was normal 35% for males and 54% for females, mild to moderate 2% for males and 4% for females and severe was 0% for males and 5% for females. The results also showed an excessive consumption of sweet and biscuits (79%); those who are consuming more than three times a day. Consuming starchy food was modify and low consumption of milk and milk products. low consumption of general vegetables; especially green vegetables (daily was 21%), low consuming of fruits (daily was 2%). Children parents educational level was lower among children fathers than their mothers. However, mother education had significant effects on the nutritional status. The families income (in Sudanese pounds) were mainly between (350-499 Sudanese pounds). Conclusion, this study concluded that the nutritional status of the subjects was within the normal range and the socio-economic characteristics of the subjects were generally not bad. This might be referred to the increase rate of educational level which was high among children mothers and an increased rate of employment among children fathers. It is recommended for mothers to have informations on hygienic, food preparation and preservation, as well as necessary balanced diet for pre-school children. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Sirelkhatim B. Elhardallou ( Main Supervisor) Saeed M.O. Idris ( Co. Supervisor) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Gezira en_US
dc.subject care en_US
dc.subject Food en_US
dc.subject Technology en_US
dc.subject malnutrition en_US
dc.subject economic characteristics en_US
dc.subject fruits en_US
dc.title Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Pre-school (3-5 Years) Children at Three Kindergartens, Gadarif City, Gadarif State, Sudan en_US


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