DSpace Repository

Prevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen among the Surgical Patients in Wad Medani Teaching Hospital and Wad Medani Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology (2013)

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Said, Mohamed alhassan Taha
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-22T11:07:52Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-22T11:07:52Z
dc.date.issued 2014-04-02
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.uofg.edu.sd/handle/123456789/2537
dc.description A Dissertation Submitted to the University of Gezira in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of Medical Doctorate in Clinical Pathology Department of Pathology Faculty of Medicin January 2014 en_US
dc.description.abstract Hepatitis B is a viral infection that attacks the liver, and can cause both acute and chronic diseases. The severe pathological consequences of this infection include the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It is a major health problem in many countries of the world, especially those in Asia, Middle East, and Africa. This is a prospective descriptive cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among the surgical patients in Wad Medani Teaching Hospital and Wad Medani Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology Diseases, using the rapid immunochromotograpgy (ICT) test and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). One hundred seventy three patients, planned for different surgical operations from the two hospitals were enrolled in this study. Out of these patients 10 were positive by the rapid ICT test giving 5.7 % prevalence and 11 were positive by ELISA giving 6.4 % prevalence. The prevalence of HBsAg is higher in males than that in females. The virus is common among the surgical patients of age group between 30 - 45 years, and also common in those patients who have lower education level. The common risk factors associated with HBsAg seropositivity among the surgical patients in the two hospitals showed that; tattooing and cauterization , history of previous surgery or dental procedure and blood transfusion. The rapid ICT device used in this study showed 90.9% sensitivity, and 100% specificity when compared to the ELISA as a gold standard technique for the detection of HBsAg, so the rapid ICT kits can be a good choice for the screening of the patients specially in rural areas where laboratory facilities are not available, and also it can be used in the screening of the patients before the emergency operations. Considering this prevalence of HBsAg among the surgical patients in Wad Medani Teaching Hospital and Wad Medani Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology Diseases, this study recommended that routine pre-operative screening of all patients for hepatitis B should be mandatory and all the preventive measures should be adopted to prevent further spread of this virus infection. Hepatitis B vaccination should be given to high risk groups especially to health care workers so as to protect them and to reduce the further transmission of this virus to patients. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Sumia Elhag Mohmed ElAmin ( Main Supervisor) Ahmed Abd alla Mohamedani ( Co-supervisor) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Gezira en_US
dc.subject the health en_US
dc.subject Hepatitis en_US
dc.subject Health Tools en_US
dc.title Prevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen among the Surgical Patients in Wad Medani Teaching Hospital and Wad Medani Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology (2013) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account