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Healthy Life Expectancy in Sudan with Special Focus on Gezira State, Sudan (2008-2013)

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dc.contributor.author Ahmed, Mohamed Eldigire Hamid
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-22T10:07:14Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-22T10:07:14Z
dc.date.issued 2015-02-07
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.uofg.edu.sd/handle/123456789/2520
dc.description Thesis Submitted in Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Demography Department of Applied Statistics and Demography Faculty of Economics and Rural Development University of Gezira November, 2014 en_US
dc.description.abstract Health expectancy measures provide a means of dividing life expectancy into life spent in healthy and unhealthy states, through combining population morbidity and mortality. This study aims to estimate Disability Free Life Expectancy DFLE at national level and Healthy Life Expectancy HLE at Gezira state level and to identify the socioeconomic, demographic and health factors correlated with these measures. Two types of data were gathered in the present study, secondary and primary data. The secondary data were obtained from the final tabulations of the Fifth population census in Sudan (2008), which provide data on population mortality and disability prevalence distributed by age groups which is needed to calculate DFLE. The other type of data was drawn from primary source, collected through a survey conducted in Gezira state in July (2013). The survey covered all the localities of the state, the collected sample size was (778) households constituting (5113) individuals.The main question in the questionnaire was the individuals self rating of their health status used to divide population into healthy and unhealthy groups needed to calculate HLE. Using SPSS for windows, Excel and R programming software, four methods of analysis were conducted to analyse the data namely; life table and Sullivan methods, descriptive statistics, inferential statistics in terms of Chi Square test for association, Pearson coefficient of correlation, Paired samples T test and binary logistic regression model, the fourth method of analysis was spatial one. The results of analysis show that DFLE was (54.4) years at birth for total population which represents (91.0%) of total life expectancy at birth, the proportions of DFLE to total life expectancy were found to be higher among males compared with females at all ages, significant difference between states was found with regard to DFLE. Dependency ratio, water supply, literacy rate and incidence of poverty were significantly correlated with DFLE. The results of primary data analysis show that, HLE at birth was (57.5) years for males and (52.5) years for females, representing (88.6%) and (80.3%) of total life expectancy in Gezira state for males and females respectively. Individuals with diabetes and those who drinking alcohol were more likely to be unhealthy. The study recommended the need for adequate care for disabled persons, also, comprehensive and longitudinal surveys covering all aspects of disability and self rating health at national and states levels is strongly recommended en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Main Supervisor: Ahmed Mohammed Hamad Alnory ( Main Supervisor) Mohamed Salih Mahfouz Salih ( Co. Supervisor) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Gezira en_US
dc.subject Statistics en_US
dc.subject Healthy life en_US
dc.title Healthy Life Expectancy in Sudan with Special Focus on Gezira State, Sudan (2008-2013) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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