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The Impact of Economic Growth and Humanitarian Aid on Health Status Indicators in Somalia: An Empirical Analysis (1998-2015)

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dc.contributor.author Huble, Mohamed Yusuf Abdilkani
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-25T08:02:48Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-25T08:02:48Z
dc.date.issued 2018-02-12
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.uofg.edu.sd/handle/123456789/1988
dc.description A Dissertation Submitted to the University of Gezira in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of Master of Science in Development Economics Department of Economics Faculty of Economics and Rural Developmen January 2018 en_US
dc.description.abstract Health status is an individual's relative level of wellness and illnesses, taking into account the presence of biological or physiological dysfunction, symptoms, and functional impairment. This study investigated empirically the impact of economic growth and humanitarian assistance on health status in Somalia over the period (1998-2015). The research aims to overview the health status indicators in Somalia. For this purpose, an empirical model is specified taking into consideration the health status as dependent variable, which is represented in five indicators (life expectancy, infant mortality, under-five mortality rate, maternal mortality ratio and crude death rate), while economic growth and humanitarian assistance are used as explanatory variables. The study employed data collected from the World Bank (WB), United Nations (UN), World Health Organization (WHO), and Trading Economics website. By applying the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) technique, the results of the study revealed that the explanatory variables incorporated in the model explain about 87% to 95% of the changes in life expectancy and health risk variables. The results also asserted that humanitarian assistance plays a positive and significant role in increasing life expectancy and decreasing the health risk factors. The results further showed that economic growth significantly enhances life expectancy and reduces crude death, while has no any significant role in child and maternal health wellbeing. Based on the findings of this research, the country should direct a significant part of the economic growth to establish health infrastructures such as hospitals, dispensaries and health centers particularly in rural areas. To decrease the mortality rates, the government should adopt and support policies that direct more health benefits towards the poor. Furthermore, there should be better distribution of aid towards the needy people such as war zones and far camps. Finally, the study recommends that the government should find out drastic solutions for the ongoing armed conflict in Southern and Central areas. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Mutasim Ahmed Abdelmawla (Main Supervisor ) Safiat Ali Saber Ali (Co-Supervisor) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Gezira en_US
dc.subject Health Risks en_US
dc.subject Functional weakness en_US
dc.subject Health indicators en_US
dc.title The Impact of Economic Growth and Humanitarian Aid on Health Status Indicators in Somalia: An Empirical Analysis (1998-2015) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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