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Syphilis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Expatriates in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

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dc.contributor.author Gadelmula, Eihab Abdin Abdelaziz
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-23T13:45:12Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-23T13:45:12Z
dc.date.issued 2016-01-30
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.uofg.edu.sd/handle/123456789/1920
dc.description A thesis submitted to the University of Gezira for the degree of MSc in Medical Laboratory Sciences to the Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences,1 /2016 en_US
dc.description.abstract Sexually transmitted disease is frequently an unrevealed health issue. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) data on the prevalence of these infections appear to be lacking and scarce. Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Treponema pallidum and HIV infections in expatriates in Sharjah, UAE. The study group (N = 20,548) included expatriate workers of both sexes who were undergoing mandatory pre-employment testing between the months of May and June 2014. Detection of specific antibodies to T. pallidum and HIV antigens and antibodies was performed using commercially available kits. Of the 20,548 samples that were screened for syphilis, one hundred and five (0.51%) tested positive for syphilis. The age groups 30-40 and 40-50 years old are most affected. Individuals from India (30.5%), Pakistan (25.7%), Bangladesh (15.2%); respectively showed the highest infection rate. No correlation between age (P=0.43), gender (P=0.46) and country of origin (P=0.72), and infection with T. pallidum was noted. Of the 20,548 samples that were screened for HIV, three samples only (0.014%) tested positive for HIV antibodies and antigen, repeatedly yielding positive results. The results were subsequently confirmed by western blot assay. The present study provides for the first time the prevalence of infection with T. pallidum and HIV among expatriates in Sharjah emirate. Similar studies in the other emirates will be of great value to provide an unambiguous picture of the frequency of infection with both organisms among the expatriate population in the UAE. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Adam Dawoud Abakar (Main Supervisor) Albadawi Abdelbagi Talha (Co-supervisor) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Gezira en_US
dc.subject Sexually transmitted diseases en_US
dc.subject infections en_US
dc.subject population en_US
dc.subject Sexual Transmitted Infections en_US
dc.subject World Health Organization en_US
dc.subject health problems en_US
dc.title Syphilis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Expatriates in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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