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Determination of some Inorganic Constituents of Ground Water in Abu zabad Town , North Kurdufan State, Sudan

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dc.contributor.author Hamad, Elhassein Ahmed Adam
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-23T12:24:07Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-23T12:24:07Z
dc.date.issued 2013-05-12
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.uofg.edu.sd/handle/123456789/1914
dc.description A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science In Chemistry, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Gezira, May, 2013 en_US
dc.description.abstract Ground water is the main source of water in Abu zabad town. Where is no laboratories with suitable instruments and reagents for chemical analysis of the water constituents.The aim of this study was to analyse the chemical inorganic constituents of drinking water in Abu zabad town and to compare their concentration with the standards recommended by WHO . Eight samples of water were collected from Abu zabad town, and the analyses were performed on the following parameters: pH, EC, TDS, hardness as CaCO3, cations: Na+ , K+ and Ca+2 , anions : Cl- , SO4-2 ,CO3-2 and HCO3-. The analyses were performed using chemical and instrumental methods. The results showed that the pH values were between (7.7 – 8.2), hence all the samples were slightly alkaline ( pH > 7 ). TDS values for all the samples (340 – 840 ppm) were within the permissible value of WHO (1000 ppm). The results of chloride (19.88 – 33.79 ppm) were in agreement with WHO standards (250 ppm Cl-) .The results showed that the concentration of sulphate (0.95 – 2.6 ppm) were in permissible level of WHO .For hardness (280 ppm),some samples were classified as hard , and other samples ( 300 - 480 ppm) were classified as very hard. The concentration of cations: Na+ (18 – 30 ppm), K+ (0.8 – 2.5 ppm) and Ca+2 (48 – 56 ppm) were within the permissible level of WHO (200 ppm Na+, 10 ppm K+ and 200 Ca2+). From the study it was found that all water samples were acceptable for all purposes .It is recommended that frequent analyses of the water should be carried out to monitor the amounts of the constituents. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Fath Elrahman Abbas Elshikh (Major Supervisor) Mohammed Osman Babiker Ahmed (Co-supervisor) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Gezira en_US
dc.subject chemical analysis en_US
dc.subject drinking water en_US
dc.subject Water sources en_US
dc.subject Surface water en_US
dc.subject Chemistry en_US
dc.title Determination of some Inorganic Constituents of Ground Water in Abu zabad Town , North Kurdufan State, Sudan en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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