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Aetiological Factors and Prevalence of Dental Caries in Pre-school Children of ZahranAljanoub–Assir Region, kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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dc.contributor.author Abdullah, Mahasin Abdullah Bakhit
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-17T08:35:50Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-17T08:35:50Z
dc.date.issued 2015-01-02
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.uofg.edu.sd/handle/123456789/1720
dc.description A Thesis Submitted to the University of Gazira in Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Dental Public Health Deanship of Graduate Studies , Faculty of Dentistry , University of Gazira, January 2015 en_US
dc.description.abstract Dental caries affectspopulation in various age group.Early childhood caries (ECC) represents the most chronic disease affecting children, and is a disease that is very difficult to eradicate due to a complex interacting factors. The aim of this study is to explore the etiologicaland prevalence factors of dental caries in preschool children in Zahran Aljaunob sector. It is a descriptive, cross sectional facility and community - based study of 357 preschool children for study population.The total number of present teeth was initially recorded, dental caries was assessed on fully and partially erupted teeth. No radiographs were taken and decay was recorded at the level of cavitation.The status of dental caries is recorded according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. The clinical indices of decayed, missed, and filled teeth (dmft) are recorded, which illustrate how much the dentition affected by dental caries. Data on dietary habits, frequency of brushing, breast feeding, use of bottle and snacking were collected by a questionnaire. Result showed that dietary habits including manner of feeding e.g inappropriate bottle and breast feeding behaviors with more sweets and snack consumption are being the most causes of early (ECC). Educated mothers are more likely tend to cessation of bottle use, hence less caries were reported. In affected children there was 32.4% with educated mother whereas 67.6% with uneducated mothers. The prevalence of early ECC was 58.8%, while the mean dmft was 3.8. There was slight increase in caries prevalence in male than female and shown to be less in children below two years and high in those older than two years. The most affected teeth were the mandibular second molars, caries prevalence was (35.1%) followed by mandibular first molars (31.5%) and then maxillary central incisor, whereas the maxillary canines were the least teeth affected by –caries ( 5.7%). Themanner of feeding and brushing habits represent the most factors of ECC in Zahran Aljaunob, with most of the children having untreated carious teeth. This observation had clearly suggested that preventive measures should urgently be taken all over the area . en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Iglal Bashir Nasir (Main Supervisor) AbdElhamid Hassan Elmoubarak (Co-Supervisor) AwadAlkarim Ahmed Dafalla (Co-Supervisor) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Gezira en_US
dc.subject Dentistry en_US
dc.subject Dental Diseases en_US
dc.title Aetiological Factors and Prevalence of Dental Caries in Pre-school Children of ZahranAljanoub–Assir Region, kingdom of Saudi Arabia en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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